Common Name -Begonia

Plant Identification

Genus: Begoniaceae
Species: Begonia (over 1,500 species)
Plant type: Perennial
Note: Begonia is a genus in the flowering plant family Begoniaceae and is a perennial.  “Begonia” is the common name as well as the generic name for all members of the genus. The species are terrestrial (sometimes epiphytic) herbs or undershrubs and occur in subtropical and tropical moist climates, in South and Central America, Africa and southern Asia. Terrestrial species in the wild are commonly upright-stemmed, rhizomatous, or tuberous. The plants are monoecious, with unisexual male and female flowers occurring separately on the same plant, the male containing numerous stamens, the female having a large inferior ovary and two to four branched or twisted stigmas. In most species the fruit is a winged capsule containing numerous minute seeds, although baccate fruits are also known.

Plant Images





Plant Descriptions

Fruit / flower: Flowering plant
Colour: Depending upon type, you can find red, white, pink,or yellow varieties. All flowers have a bright yellow eye (center).
Flowering time: Many begonias will grow and flower year-round but tuberous begonias usually have a dormant period, during which the tubers can be stored in a cool and dry place.
Flower size: Small flowers
Foliage description: The leaves, which are often large are usually asymmetric (unequal-sided).
Foliage colour: Variously marked or variegated.

Plant Requirements

Light preference: Most Begonias are forest understory plants and require bright shade; few will tolerate full sun, especially in warmer climates.
Watering: Begonias should not be constantly wet nor allowed to dry out completely
Temperature: Begoinias require warm temperatures.
Soil requirements: Begonias require a well-drained growing medium.
Fertilisation: Add a general purpose fertilizer once a month. For houseplants and container plants, give them a dose of liquid fertilizer once a month instead dry fertilizer.
Pruning: n/a

Other Information

Insects: Few or no problems.
Diseases: Few or no problems.
Propogation: Easily propagated by division or from stem cuttings. In addition, many can be propagated from leaf cuttings or even sections of leaves
Other notes: Begonias like attention. Remove dead flowers, leaves, and stems. Trim off long stems to help retain it’s compact shape. A little care will pay you back with lusher foliage and more blooms.

References / Bibliography: Wikipedia and The Gardeners Network.

About the author: Christine

Dominated by large trees on a medium sized property, my garden is very shaded. With no “full sun” areas I have to plant shade and partial shade loving plants. I love shrubs and flowers including camellias and azaleas but Roses and Irises are my favourite and getting these to thrive is a challenge …

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